General presentation of Myanmar
Located in South Asia, between Thailand, China and India, Myanmar is a destination that makes no indifferent travelers. Besides the natural and historical beauty of Myanmar: the Bagan temple, the lake villages of Inle Lake, the royal town around Mandalay, the Shwedagon Paya of Yangon and the beaches of the South, it is also the welcome reserved for travelers which profoundly mark those who return from Myanmar. The North and South of the country are generally separated in 2 parts: Upper Myanmar and Lower Myanmar. To the south, you will find the capital Yangon (Rangoon) and the most beautiful beaches of the country (Chaung Tha Beach ...), in Upper Myanmar, there are many cultural points of interest such as Bagan, Mandaley, etc.
Official noun : Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Population : 54.17 million
Area surface : 676 578 km2
Capital : Naypyidaw
Time zone : UTC+6:30.
Official language : Burmese
Religion : Theravada Buddhism (87,9%)
Largest city: Yangon
Currency: Kyat (MMK)
Life and people :
Myanmar is an agricultural country. Rice is the country's main food and export commodity. Teak (a tropical hardwood) and wood products are also exploited thanks to the vast forests. The mining industry of gemstones such as diamond and minerals like metals, oil and gas is also growing very strongly. That contributes to the development of the economy of the Golden Temple country. Moreover, the Burmese people is known for the friendly, hardworking and generous character.
Burmese is the official language of this country. In addition, English is generally taught in schools and widely used in the community. In large cities, the Chinese language and Tibetan are also commonly used.
More than 80% of the population follows Buddhism. There are also Christian and Muslim. In Myanmar, religious freedom is highly respected.
The high ground extends from north to south. Towards the south, their height diminishes. Geographical feature is divided into 4 categories: a mountainous area in the north and west, the Shan Highlands - a deeply dissected plateau in the east and lower valley regions in the south. In Myanmar, there are 4 major rivers: the Ayeyarwaddy River, Thanlwin River, Chindwin and Sittaung. Considered like the main circuit through this land, the Irrawaddy River - the longest river in Myanmar - plays a very important role for the lives of the inhabitants throughout 1238 m of its length.
Climate : Tropical climate with 3 distinct seasons: summer, rainy, and winter (no snow). The summer starts from March until mid-May, the rainy season is between May and October, the rest is winter.
Yangon : the economic capital. Two days are enough to visit this city (the colonial buildings, Shwedagon Paya). Then you have two options, depending on the length of your stay and your desire. You can go to the North towards Mandalay to discover the royal cities, as well as the religious site of Bagan and the beautiful Inle lake.
The first reign of Myanmar is the dynasty of King Anawrahta in the 11th century. The enlightened leadership of King Anawrahta has extended his influence throughout the country until today. This flourishing dynasty collapsed at the end of the 13th century after being invaded by the Mongols. More than 20 years later, the Burmese re-established their kingdom and began to flourish.
In the 2nd Dynasty, the Bago capital was built in the 16th century by King Bayinnaung. The third reign, formed by King Alaungpaya in 1752, is the last dynasty of the Burmese Empire. However, during the strong development of colonialism in the 19th century, Myanmar lost many territories to the British after the failure of the Anglo-Burma War in 1825, 1852 and 1885. During the Second World War, Burma was temporarily a colony of Japan for 3 years before being liberated by the Allies in 1945. As of 4 January 1948, Myanmar was officially recognized as an independent country with the name "Republic of the Union of Myanmar".